Warehouse Storage: Key Products for Maximising Space 


This article explores key products and strategies for optimising warehouse storage, including floor space utilisation, vertical and overhead space use, automation, and other storage solutions. Efficient warehouse storage is essential for maintaining smooth operations, increasing productivity, and optimising costs. Maximising space involves organising inventory and ensuring easy access to products, which expedites order fulfilment and enhances customer satisfaction.

Optimising Floor Space 

Efficient Layout Design 

The first step in maximising warehouse space is to design an efficient layout. This involves analysing current inventory, understanding the flow of goods, and arranging storage units to minimise obstructions and streamline processes. Considerations include: 

  • Aisle Width: Ensure aisles are wide enough for equipment and personnel but not so wide that valuable space is wasted. 
  • Zoning: Designate specific areas for different types of products based on frequency of access and size. 
Pallet Racking Systems 

Pallet racks form the backbone of many modern warehouses. They come in various forms tailored to specific needs: 

  • Selective Pallet Racking: Ideal for warehouses needing direct access to each pallet. This system maximises accessibility but requires more aisle space. 
  • Drive-In Pallet Racking: Suitable for high-density storage with fewer SKUs. Pallets are stored several deep, reducing the number of aisles needed. 
  • Push-Back Pallet Racking: Operates on a last-in, first-out basis, perfect for bulk storage. This system enhances storage density while maintaining accessibility. 
Static and Mobile Shelving 

For smaller items and SKUs, static shelving is a versatile solution. Mobile shelving, which can be moved to create temporary aisles, optimises space by reducing the number of fixed aisles needed. These systems are particularly useful for storing lightweight and small parts. 

Utilising Vertical and Overhead Space 

Mezzanine Floors 

Mezzanine floors are an excellent way to utilise vertical space in warehouses with high ceilings. These intermediate floors can be used for additional storage or office space, effectively doubling the usable area without expanding the physical footprint of the warehouse. They are best suited for warehouses with sufficient ceiling height to accommodate the extra floor. 

Multi-Tier Racking 

Multi-tier racking systems stack shelves on multiple levels, allowing warehouses to maximise vertical space. This setup is ideal for storing lightweight items and facilitates easier access to products on higher tiers. It’s a cost-effective solution for expanding storage capacity without needing additional floor space. 

Overhead Storage 

Utilising overhead space can significantly increase storage capacity. Solutions include: 

  • Overhead Conveyors: These systems transport items above the ground, freeing up floor space for other uses. 
  • High-Bay Pallet Racking: Extends storage upwards, making full use of the warehouse’s height. This is particularly effective for storing large quantities of palletized goods. 

Automation and Advanced Storage Solutions 

Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems (AS/RS) 

AS/RS systems use automated technology to store and retrieve items from designated locations. These systems can significantly reduce the footprint required for storage by eliminating the need for wide aisles and optimising vertical space utilisation. Benefits include: 

  • Improved Inventory Control: Real-time tracking of inventory levels and movements. 
  • Enhanced Productivity: Reduced downtime as automated systems quickly deliver items to operators. 
  • Safety: Minimises the risk of accidents by reducing manual handling. 

Vertical Lift Modules (VLMs) 

VLMs are automated storage systems that function like large vending machines. They store items in trays within a vertical structure, which can be retrieved by operators with a simple command. VLMs can reduce warehouse space needs by up to 90% and significantly boost picking accuracy and speed. 

Multishuttle Systems and AutoStore 

Multishuttle systems and AutoStore offer high-density storage solutions for handling smaller items. Multishuttle systems use robots to store and retrieve items from shelves, while AutoStore uses a grid system with robots that move along the top to access bins. Both systems maximise space utilisation by eliminating the need for wide aisles and can be configured to fit around existing warehouse structures. 

Other Storage Solutions 

PVC Partition and Dividers 

PVC partitions and dividers are versatile solutions for creating separate zones within a warehouse. They can be used to: 

  • Create Clean Areas: Ideal for segregating different types of inventory or creating dust-free zones. 
  • Enhance Safety: Separate hazardous areas from the rest of the warehouse. 
  • Improve Climate Control: Help maintain different temperature zones for sensitive items. 
Key Benefits of PVC Partitions and Dividers 
  • Flexibility and Ease of Installation: PVC partitions can be quickly set up and reconfigured as needed. This makes them an excellent choice for warehouses that need to adapt to changing storage requirements or tenant configurations. 
  • Cost-Effective: Compared to permanent walls, PVC partitions are a more economical option. They offer significant savings on installation and maintenance costs. 
  • Noise and Dust Control: PVC partitions provide effective barriers against noise and dust, creating a safer and more comfortable working environment. 
  • Temperature and Humidity Control: Insulated PVC partitions can help maintain stable temperatures and humidity levels in specific areas, which is crucial for storing sensitive products. 
  • Security: While PVC partitions can indicate restricted areas and provide some level of security, additional measures may be needed for high-security zones. 
Modular Cabinets and Mobile Aisle Shelving 

Modular cabinets offer customisable storage solutions tailored to specific needs, while mobile aisle shelving systems allow shelves to move, creating temporary aisles and maximising storage density. Both options are flexible and can be adapted as inventory needs change. 

Carton Flow Racks and Pallet Flow Racks 

These racks use gravity to move products to the front, making picking more efficient. Carton flow racks are ideal for smaller items, while pallet flow racks are better suited for heavy, palletised goods. They help improve storage density and streamline the picking process. 

Key Takeaways in Optimising Warehouse Space 

Maximising warehouse space involves a combination of strategic layout planning, innovative storage solutions, and the use of automation. By optimising both floor space and vertical space, warehouses can significantly increase their storage capacity, enhance operational efficiency, and reduce costs. Investing in the right storage systems, such as pallet racking, mezzanine floors, VLMs, and automated storage solutions, can transform a warehouse into a highly efficient and productive operation. 

For more information on the latest warehouse storage solutions, check out the rest of the articles below.

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